Sikep Madu Asia(Crested Honey Buzzard)

Crested Honey Buzzard


Pernis ptilorhynchus

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Unknown.

Other Names: Asiatic Hony-buzzard, Common Honey-buzzard, Crested Honey-buzzard, Eastern Honey Buzzard, Eastern Honey-buzzard, Honey Kite, Oriental Honey-buzzard, Oriental Honey Buzzard.

Distribution: Indomalayan/Palearctic. Breeds in two probably discrete populations, one from southern (temperate-zone) SIBERIA and northeastern CHINA south to Baikal, Amurland, Sakhalin, northern JAPAN and the Yellow Sea, and the other on the Indian subcontinent (INDIA, SRI LANKA) and southern CHINA south through the Malay Peninsula, PHILIPPINES, SUMATRA, JAVA, and BORNEO; northern breeding populations winter in INDIA, southern CHINA, southern JAPAN, MYANMAR, Malay Peninsula, INDONESIA, and the PHILIPPINES south to SULAWESI. more…. Subspecies: 6 races. P. p. orientalis: Southern SIBERIA south to northeastern CHINA, JAPAN, and KOREA; winters in southeastern Asia, INDONESIA, PHILIPPINES, and SULAWESI; P. p. palawanensis: PHILIPPINES (Palawan and Calauit); P. p. philippensis: Northern and eastern PHILIPPINES; P. p. ptilorhynchus: JAVA; P. p. ruficollis: INDIA and SRI LANKA east through BURMA to south-central CHINA; P. p. torquatus: Malay Peninsula, SUMATRA, and BORNEO. more….



Taxonomy: The genus Pernis is a primitive accipitrid with no close relations to Buteo (Seibold and Helbig 1995). Wink (1995) found that it clusters with the Neophron/Gypaetus clade of Old World vultures. Based on molecular sequences of the cytochrome b gene, Gamauf and Haring (2004) found that the cuckoo hawks, Aviceda, form a sister group to Pernis, but their analysis indicated that Henicopernis and the Old World vultures, Gypaetus and Neophron, appear only distantly related to Pernis. The relationships of this form to Pernis apivorus have been much debated, and some authors (e.g., Brown and Amadon 1968) have lumped them into a single species, based partly on reports of individuals with intermediate characters from Siberia and Kazakhstan (Vaurie 1965). That possibility is disputed by some authors, and most recent authorities have continued to maintain them as separate species. Surprisingly, the molecular studies of Gamauf and Preleuthner (2005) indicated that the two species are monophyletic and do not even form a superspecies. Beaman (1994) provided well-reasoned arguments against the use of the name “Oriental Honey Buzzard” for this species, as had been proposed by Sibley and Monroe (1990). more….

Movements: Partial, trans-equatorial migrant (Bildstein 2006). The race orientalis is completely migratory, but the five insular races are probably sedentary. The former race is one of the raptors species that dominates the “East Asian Continental Flyway,” a 7,000-km overland system extending from eastern Siberia to Southeast Asia and the Indonesian Archipelago (Bildstein and Zalles 2005). more….


Habitat and Habits: In its Asian breeding range, it occurs in lowland and montane deciduous broad-leafed or mixed broad-leafed/coniferous forests with river valleys (Brazil 2009). In Southeast Asia, it occurs in lowland broad-leafed evergreen and deciduous forest and open wooded country (Robson 2000). On the Malay Peninsula, it occurs in lowland and montane forests, with a possible preference for edge habitats, from the plains to about 1,220 m; also at the edge of mangroves, in coconut and overgrown rubber plantations and even in wooded urban parks in Singapore (Wells 1999). Usually seen soaring over hilly areas (Coates and Bishop 1997). Forms large flocks in migration.
Food and Feeding Behavior: Specializes in feeding on the larvae and honey of bees and wasps. more….

Breeding: Bulids a stick nest placed in a tall tree. Clutch size is 1-2 eggs, which are white with bright reddish-brown markings. more….

Conservation: Generally common in its breeding and wintering ranges. Categorized as a species of “Least Concern” by BirdLife International (2009).

Important References:
Gamauf, A., and E. Haring. 2004. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of
honey-buzzards (genera Pernis and Henicopernis). Journal of
Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42:145-153.
Higuchi, H., H.-J. Shiu, H. Nakamura, A. Uematsu, K. Kuno, M. Saeki, M.
Hotta, K.-I. Tokita, E. Moriya, E. Morishita, and M. Tamura.
2005. Migration
of honey-buzzards Pernis apivorus based on satellite tracking.
Ornithological Science 4:109-115.
Hillcoat, B., G.O. Keijl, and D.J.M. Wallace. 1998. Pernis ptilorhynchus
Crested Honey Buzzard. BWP Update 2:137-141.
Orta, J., and B.-U. Meyburg. 1994. Eastern Honey-buzzard. Pp. 111-112 in
del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (eds), Handbook of birds of the
world. Vol. 2. New World vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona,
van Balen, S., R. Sözer, V. Nijman, R. Dennis, E. Meijaard, and P. Jepson.
1999. Juvenile plumage of Javan Crested Honey Buzzard, with comments on
mimicry in south-eastern Asian Pernis and Spizaetus species. Dutch Birding
Vaurie, C., and D. Amadon. 1962. Notes on the honey buzzards of eastern
Asia. American Museum Novitates no. 2111.
Wells, D.R. 1999. The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula, covering Burma
and Thailand south of the eleventh parallel, Peninsular Malaysia and
Singapore. Volume One. Non-passerines. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Wink, M. 1995. Phylogeny of Old and New World vultures (Aves: Accipitridae
and Cathartidae) inferred from nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial
cytochrome b gene. Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 50c:868-882.
Sites of Interest: VIREO
Crested Honey Buzzard photos.

Gamauf, Anita
Germi, Francesco
Kasorndorkbua, Chaiyan
Le Manh, Hung
LIM, Aun -Tiah
Severinghaus, Lucia Liu

Last modified: 5/8/2009

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2009. Species account: Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus. Downloaded from on 28 Jul.2009

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