List Falconiformes di Indonesia

 

 

Elang Jawa Dewasa/Telapak

 

Indonesia terkenal negara dengan kekayaan biodiversitas terbesar ketiga di dunia. Burungnya saja bisa dibilang sangat banyak yaitu 1598 jenis dan 372 jenis di antaranya endemik Indonesia( Sukmantoro, et al. 2007).  Jenis raptor”elang” durnal (aktif disiang hari) di Asia tercatat mencapai 90 jenis dan sekarang 70 di antaranya dapat kita temukan di Indonesia.

Saya mencoba meng-list jenis raptor yang dapat kita temukan di Indonesia. Berikut adalah list yang saya ambil dari Daftar Burung Indonesia No.2 Tahun 2007:

Accipitridae
Elang Tiram Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Baza Jerdon Aviceda jerdoni (Blyth, 1842)
Baza Pasifik Aviceda subcristata (Gould, 1838)
Baza Hitam Aviceda leuphotes (Dumont, 1820)
Elang Ekor-panjangHenicopernis longicauda (Garnot, 1828)
Sikepmadu Asia Pernis ptilorhynchus (Temminck, 1821)
Sikepmadu Sulawesi Pernis celebensis Wallace, 1868
Elang Kelelawar Macheiramphus alcinus Bonaparte, 1850
Elang Tikus Elanus caeruleus (Desfontaines, 1789)
Elang Paria Milvus migrans (Boddaert, 1783)
Elang Siul Haliastur sphenurus (Vieillot, 1818)
Elang Bondol Haliastur indus (Boddaert, 1783)
Elanglaut Perut-putih Haliaeetus leucogaster(Gmelin, 1788)
Elangikan Kecil Ichthyophaga humilis (Müller & Schlegel, 1841)
Elangikan Kepala-kelabu Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus (Horsfield,1821)
Elangular Jari-pendek Circaetus gallicus (Gmelin, 1788)
Elangular Bido Spilornis cheela (Latham, 1790)
Elang Ular Kinabalu Spilornis kinabaluensis W.L. Sclater, 1919
Elang Ular Sulawesi Spilornis rufipectus Gould, 1858
Elang Rawa Tutul Circus assimilis Jardine & Selby, 1828
Elangrawa Tangling Circus melanoleucos (Pennant, 1769)
Elangrawa Katak Circus aeruginosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Elangrawa Timur Circus spilonotus Kaup, 1847
Elangrawa Coklat Circus approximans Peale, 1848
Elangalap Jambul Accipiter trivirgatus (Temminck, 1824)
Elangalap Kepala-kelabu Accipiter griseiceps (Schlegel, 1862)
Elangalap Shikra Accipiter badius (Gmelin, 1788)
Elangalap Cina Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield, 1821)
Elangalap Ekor-totol Accipiter trinotatus Bonaparte, 1850
Elangalap Coklat Accipiter fasciatus (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827)
Elangalap Kelabu Accipiter novaehollandiae (Gmelin, 1788)
Elangalap Mantel-hitam Accipiter melanochlamys (Salvadori, 1876)
Elangalap Halmahera Accipiter henicogrammus (G.R. Gray,1860)
Elangalap Pucat-sosonokan Accipiter poliocephalus (G.R. Gray, 1858)
Elangalap Nipon Accipiter gularis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
Elangalap Besra Accipiter virgatus (Temminck, 1822)
Elangalap Kecil Accipiter nanus (W. Blasius, 1897)
Elangalap Kalung Accipiter cirrhocephalus (Vieillot, 1817)
Elangalap Maluku Accipiter erythrauchen (G.R. Gray, 1861)
Elangalap Dada-merah Accipiter rhodogaster (Schlegel, 1862)
Elangalap Meyer Accipiter meyerianus (Sharpe, 1878)
Elangalap Bahu-coklat Accipiter buergersi (Reichenow, 1914)
Elangalap Doria Accipiter doriae Salvadori & D’ Albertis, 1875
Elang Sayap-coklat Butastur liventer (Temminck, 1827)
Elang Kelabu Butastur indicus (Gmelin, 1788)
Elang Buteo  Buteo buteo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rajawali Papua Harpyopsis novaeguineae Salvadori, 1875
Elang Hitam Ictinaetus malayensis (Temminck, 1822)
Rajawali Kuskus Aquila gurneyi G.R. Gray, 1860
Rajawali Ekor-baji Aquila audax (Latham, 1801)
Rajawali Totol Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811
Elang Bonelli Hieraaetus fasciatus (Vieillot, 1822)
Elang Setiwel Hieraaetus pennatus (Gmelin, 1788)
Elang Kecil Hieraaetus morphnoides (Gould, 1841)
Elang Perut-karat Hieraaetus kienerii (Geoggroy Saint-Hilaire, 1835)
Elang Brontok Spizaetus cirrhatus (Gmelin, 1788)
Elang Flores Spizaetus floris (Hartert, 1898)
Elang Jawa Spizaetus bartelsi Stresemann, 1924
Elang Sulawesi Spizaetus lanceolatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
Elang Gunung Spizaetus alboniger (Blyth, 1845)
Elang Wallace Spizaetus nanus Wallace, 1868

Falconidae
Alapalap Capung Microhierax fringillarius (Drapiez, 1824)
Alap-alap Dahi Putih Microhierax latifrons sharpe ,1879
Alapalap Coklat Falco berigora Vigors & Horsfield, 1827
Alapalap Erasia Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758
Alapalap Sapi Falco moluccensis (Bonaparte, 1850)
Alapalap Layang Falco cenchroides Vigors & Horsfield, 1827
Alapalap Walet Falco subbuteo Linnaeus, 1758
Alapalap Macan Falco severus Horsfield, 1821
Alapalap Australia Falco longipennis Swainson, 1838
Alapalap Kawah Falco peregrinus Tunstall, 1771

Daftar Bacaan:

Sukmantoro W., M. Irham, W. Novarino, F. Hasudungan, N. Kemp & M. Muchtar. 2007. Daftar Burung Indonesia No.2.Indonesian Ornithologists’ Union, Bogor.

4 thoughts on “List Falconiformes di Indonesia

  1. Pingback: ANTARA Sumut : Portal Berita Orang Sumut

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